It is hard to believe that a language as historically influential as Latin is no longer spoken. However, Latin can claim French, Portuguese, Romanian, Italian, and Spanish as its vulgar offspring. While learning Latin won't get you many places in conversation, it is still taught in schools as an intellectual pursuit and is often used as stepping stone for those who want to master the aforementioned Romance languages. Latin is also used in the Catholic Church (called Ecclesiastical Latin) and perhaps is most commonly recognized for being used in binomial nomenclature (the system for naming species).
Where Can I Study It?
Everyone has heard of Caesar! The Roman Empire took off following his assassination.
Famous Roman philosopher
Wrote some popular pieces, including the famous Aeneid.